Died: 1 July 1896
Birthplace: Litchfield, Connecticut
Best known as: Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
Name at birth: Harriet Elizabeth Beecher
Harriet Beecher Stowe was an American reformer and writer whose novel Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) is a classic of 19th century anti-slavery literature. From an activist and influential New England family that included her father Lyman Beecher (1775-1863), sister Catharine Beecher (1800-1878) and brother Henry Ward Beecher (1813-1887), Harriet moved to Cincinnati in 1833 and married Calvin Ellis Stowe in 1836. While living in Cincinnati, she became active in the anti-slavery movement and, while raising seven children, began writing professionally. Uncle Tom's Cabin. first serialized in 1851, appeared in book form in 1852 and became a bestseller in the United States and England. The story examined the "life among the lowly" and helped frame the slavery issue as a moral one. Stowe wrote more than two dozen books, both fiction and non-fiction, including A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin (1853), a fact-filled companion to her famous novel. Her other works include Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp (1856), Pearl of Orr's Island (1862) and Pink and White Tyranny (1871).
Beecher Stowe caused a controversy in 1869 with a magazine article, “The True Story of Lady Byron’s Wife,” a piece she wrote after making the acquaintance of the great poet’s widow, in which she accused Lord Byron of committing incest with his sister, Augusta… In 1896 her works were published in 16 volumes as The Writings of Harriet Beecher Stowe .
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Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe was born on June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, Connecticut. She was the seventh child of Lyman and Roxana Beecher. Harriet was an author, philanthropist, and an abolitionist. Her father, Lyman Beecher, was a Calvinist, and pastor of the Congregational Church. Her mother, Roxana Foote, had eight children, and was the minister's first wife. However, she died when Harriet was only four years old. At this point Harriet's oldest sister Catherine assumed a mother's role in the family. Harriet paid many long visits to her mother's house in Nutplains, Connecticut where her Aunt Harriet Foote would often reprimand her. Within approximately two years the Beecher children had a new mother named Harriet Porter Beecher, and she bore three more children for Lyman.
Harriet attended school at the Pierce Academy in Litchfield from 1819 to 1824, and for three years after that she attended her sister Catherine Beecher's Hartford Female Seminary.
However, from 1827 until 1832 Stowe taught at Catherine's school. Lyman Beecher became the president of Lane Theological Seminary in 1832, and he moved to Cincinnati with his family. There Catherine founded another school called the Western Female Institute and Harriet taught in the school, and wrote a geography book for children, the first of which was sold under Catherine's name. In January of 1836, Harriet married Calvin E. Stowe, a professor of Biblical literature at Lane, and a friend of the family
Calvin E. Stowe was a plain man with many eccentricities who was often depressed. Orphaned at the age of six, Stowe was an apprentice in a paper mill, but he still managed to put himself through college at Bowdoin College and Andover Theological Seminary. Calvin was distinguished in his own way, and he had been valedictorian of his class at Bowdoin, and a.Citation styles:
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Harriet Beecher Stowe was born on June 14, 1811, into a family of extraordinarily gifted and promising siblings. The Beechers, later in their lives, would become a kind of intellectual Camelot, with Harriet Beecher Stowe and her famous brother, Henry Ward Beecher, at the head of the table.
Harriet, a precocious and fiercely intelligent child, grew up in Connecticut, a decidedly anti-slavery state. The America in which Harriet was born was an America already beginning to show the strains of economic and social division. The North, built on industry and invention-steel mills and banking, for example- could not differ more from the laid-back, pastoral South, where slave labor brought prosperity to those who exploited it. But while antislavery sentiments grew more and more impassioned in border states like Ohio, the Northern states of New England were far enough away from the reality of slavery to provide a kind of buffer. Slavery was something to theorize about, not to confront.
When Harriet and her family moved to Ohio when she was in her early twenties, however, she saw the horrors of slavery firsthand, and was exposed to people who held strong opinions on the institution. She joined a literary club in Cincinnati called the Semi-Colon club where she met her future husband, the brilliant Biblical scholar Calvin Ellis Stowe. Harriet's interest in the anti-slavery cause increased, and in 1833, when she was twenty-two, Harriet visited a slave plantation across the Ohio River in Kentucky. She was horrified by what she witnessed, and the events and scenes were burned into her brain, simmering there for nearly twenty years. Harriet, by this time, was turning out short stories and essays for a Cincinnati magazine called Western Monthly Review. She found, increasingly, her topic was slavery. In 1836, Harriet married Calvin Stowe, and they began their long life together, scraping by and struggling to make ends meet.
Using the visit to that Kentucky plantation as a template for Colonel Shelby's plantation in Uncle Tom's Cabin, along with numerous slave accounts and interviews she conducted with ex-slaves, in 1851 and 1852 Harriet finally penned one of the most famous American books of the nineteenth century, published serially in an abolitionist magazine called New Era, and certainly one of the most popular. While basically a morality play, Uncle Tom's Cabin was an attack against an institution that most Southerners had, for over a hundred years, accepted as necessary without question. However, Harriet believed that the Southerners who enslaved blacks were also victims of the institution, as it made them completely dependent upon slave labor, and as a result they felt it impossible to extricate themselves.
The publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin in 1852 was an event that changed an already changing nation. The novel was an instant bestseller, going through 120 editions in a year. Harriet became, in the same year, the most beloved American author in the country, and the most hated. Northerners considered the very symbol of all that the anti-slavery movement stood for-never mind that she, in fact, advocated gradual emancipation of slaves rather than instant and irrevocable-and the South considered her a great threat to their way of life.
Although best known for Uncle Tom's Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote hundreds of novels, short stories, articles, children's books and religious inquiries. Each book she published was a bestseller; each issue of a magazine in which she published an article sold out overnight. People wanted to hear what she had to say, and even the best authors of the time respected her work–including Dickens, George Sand, Henry James and Anthony Trollope. However, despite her success as an author, she never saw her writing as anything other than a job. Her husband was the most important person in her life, and the care of her many children always came first in her life.
Harriet Beecher Stowe was a full-fledged celebrity, both in America and abroad, and Lincoln famously called her "the little lady that made this big war", in reference to the Civil War. Her many trips to Europe and England enlarged her mind, and her books sold as well abroad as they did in America.
When she died in 1896, Harriet Beecher Stowe's books had fallen out of favor, as the social issues had become less relevant and the art of the books had been thrown into question. However, Uncle Tom's Cabin remains in print today and is considered an extraordinarily important social document of a fractured America.
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Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe was a high class women, reformer, and writer in the 1800’s. She wrote many anti-slavery documents that helped reform society. You may know her as the writer.
Harriet Beecher Stowe The daughter of Lyman and Roxana Beecher, Harriet was born on June 14, 1811 in Litchfield Connecticut. There were eight children in the Beecher family and Harriet was the youngest of them all. Her mother died in 1816 when Harriet was four, so Catherine, the oldest sibling, raised Harriet for most of her life. Catherine was a big influence in Harriet's life. Catherine was a very smart person.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe The daughter of Lyman and Roxana Beecher, Harriet was born on June 14, 1811 in Litchfield Connecticut. There were eight children in the Beecher family.
In fact, she had an intellect beyond most people. She married a professor from Yale University who died in a shipwreck. For years Catherine was in grief and was on the verge of mentally collapsing. She continued on in this melancholy state of mind, until she finally was saved by her own determination to move on and make a life for herself and Harriet. So, Catherine founded an all girls seminary school in Hartford,
Harriet Beecher Stowe
The daughter of Lyman and Roxana Beecher, Harriet was born on June 14, 1811 in Litchfield Connecticut. There were eight children in the Beecher family and Harriet was the youngest.
Connecticut and Harriet started there for her education. Harriet thought an orphanage would have been just about as good as the seminary, because it was so hard and strict, religiously and educationally. At this time in her life, Harriet was a heavy believer in religion, even though it was hard. Harriet started writing at this time. Her earliest preserved school composition was called "Can the Immortality of the Soul be Proved by the Light
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher was born June 14, 1811, the seventh child of a famous protestant preacher. Harriet worked as a teacher with her older sister Catharine: her earliest publication was a.
of Nature?" After teaching at the Hartford Female Seminary, which Catherine founded, Harriet moved to Cincinnati, Ohio to teach at a seminary where her father was president. She was 21 years old. While she was there, she met some of the other teachers, one of them being Calvin Stowe, her future husband. After their wedding, Calvin and Harriet lived in Cincinnati for a while. In
What Were The Impacts Of Harriet Beecher Stowes Novel 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' Between 1852&1862?
The novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin as written by Harriet Beecher Stowe and published in the United States in 1852. The novel depicted slavery as a moral evil and was the.
that time period she had been told horrible stories about slaves in the confederate state of Kentucky, which was right next to Cincinnati. These tales prompted her research and writing about slavery. On September 29, 1836 she gave birth to the first of her children, twin girls. Harriet will have had seven children all together. One of the boys died in 1849 because of a huge epidemic of cholera in Cincinnati. The last child was
Harriet Beecher Stowe-1st person Bio
I was born June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, Connecticut. I'm the seventh child of Lyman Beecher. He was a famous Protestant preacher. My mother, Roxana Foote Beecher, died 1816 of.
born on July 8, 1850 and his name was Charles Edward. She was a good mother and enjoyed raising her children. Since 1833, Harriet had been publishing her first writings in the Western Monthly Magazine. Harriet was one of very few women writers of the time, who could get published in a magazine. Some of her early sketchings were put in her first book The Mayflower. The story was about the descendants of Puritans and
A Reaction to Uncle Tom's Cabin
Lauren Richmond History 201 April 1, 1999 A Reaction to Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin “So this is the little lady who made this big war.” Abraham Lincoln’s.
a lot of the characters in the story, like the characters of a lot of her stories, were based on real people in her life. Even though her first story was okay, it never foretold Harriet's future of being a famous author. After her children were born, she was thinking of writing bigger and better books. Her husband was encouraging this, so she could help add to the family income, because they were pretty poor. She, then,
Analysis of Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe “The book, Uncle Tom's Cabin, is thought of as a fantastic, even fanatic, representation of Southern life, most memorable for its.
moved her family to Maine, after 18 years in Ohio. She thought a lot about the stories she heard about slavery and about how her own life was in some ways similar to the slave situation and she had a vision. She started writing about her vision of the slaves. She submitted her writing to the newspaper and they put it out as a serial, which is a portion of a story continuing on every day.
Uncle Toms Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin may never be seen as a great literary work, because of its didactic nature, but it will always be known as great literature because.
It was an immediate success, so they decided to publish it as Uncle Tom's Cabin, the book. The book, then, was made into a drama and was also an immediate success across the nation. Many people, when they first read Uncle Tom's Cabin, think of Harriet as being a compassionate southerner, however her roots are "deep within Yankee soil." During the Civil War, Stowe contributed a small part of her day as a part time assistant nurse.
Stowe's Deconstruction Of The Theory Of White Supremacy
Stowe’s Deconstruction of the Theory of White Supremacy In the novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe unmasks the unjust and unfair treatment of blacks by whites during the.
However, her second son Frederick William contributed significantly. Frederick was one of the earliest volunteers. His services, including serious injury, earned him a promotion in rank at Gettysburg and offered him the glory of storybook heroism. Stowe became famous because of her writings and dramas and met many important people because of this, including the president. When she met President Lincoln, it is told that he said to her, "So this is the little lady who
Isabelle was born a slave in Ulster County, New York. There are many discrepancies in the year that she was born, but it was commonly believed to be somewhere around.
started this big war!" He was talking about the Civil War. She traveled to Europe and her first three visits were described in Sunny Memories of Foreign Lands. Stowe didn't enjoy the trip as much as she thought she would, but the part she says made it fun was meeting the celebrities and fans. When in Europe,
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Harriet Beecher Stowe was an American author and social reformer. She was born at a time when the United States was experiencing a great deal of societal changes. Stowe had witnessed the cruelties of slavery firsthand and was active in the same social circles as many other abolitionists of the time. Her thoughts were greatly influenced by these interactions and experiences. She decided to write something about the slavery at the request of her family. She believed that her actions could make a positive difference and her words could change the world. Stowe became famous especially for ‘Uncle Tom’s cabin’, a novel published in 1852, which portrayed the evils of slavery. It shook the nation’s consciousness on the inhumanity of slavery. Her landmark novel also helped in bridging the gap between North and South America over the issue of slavery. Her achievements have earned Stowe an honored place in America’s history. Her exclamation, ‘I will write something, I will if I live’, has echoed through the years to reach the countless people who have read her works.
Childhood & Early Life
She was born to a religious leader Rev Lymond Beecher and his wife Roxanna Foote Beecher and was the sixth of eleven children. Her mother was a deeply religious woman and an abolitionist who passed away when she was just six. Her father remarried and the family’s new mother soon had three more children.
She often skipped the strict religious atmosphere of home by visiting her aunt Harriet Foote, and her grandmother Roxana Foote. There, she learnt the domestic arts of sewing and knitting and also had more access to books, novels and poetry.
She began her formal education at Sarah Pierce’s Litchfield Female Academy where she studied language and mathematics along with other things. There, she met Sarah P. Willis who later wrote under the pseudonym ‘Fanny Fern’.
In 1831, she moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, to join her father at Lane Theological Seminary. She also joined the Semi-colon club, a literary salon and social club, whose members included the Beecher sisters. She published several stories through it, which were about the New England people and the life she knew before she came to Cincinnati.
In 1850, she moved with her family to a home near the campus of Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine. In the same year, she approached Gamaleil Bailey, editor of the weekly anti slavery journal ‘National Era’, to share her plans for writing a story about the problems of slavery.
In June 1851, the first installment of ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ appeared in ‘The National Era’. Its emotional depiction of the impact of slavery captured the nation’s attention and caused uproar in South regarding abolition of slavery.
On November 25, 1862, she traveled to Washington DC during Civil War and met the then President Abraham Lincoln and she claimed to have a real funny interview with the President.
In 1870s, she embarked on a reading tour for the American Literary Lecture Bureau of Boston. During her reading tours and travels in Europe she met many fellow writers including George Eliot, Robert Browning and his wife Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Lord George Gordon Byron and his wife Anne Isabella Milbanke- Lady Byron.
In 1852, she authored ‘Uncle Tom’s cabin’, an anti-slavery novel that laid the groundwork for the civil war. It ignited the firestorm of protests from defenders of slavery. It garnered much praise from the abolitionists and was the first widely read political novel in the United States.
In 1859, her historical novel, ‘The Minister’s wooing’, was published. It further highlighted the issue of slavery and critiqued the Calvinistic theology. It combined comedy with regional history to show the convergence of daily life, slavery and religion in post-revolutionary England.
Among her other major works were ‘Dred: A tale of the great dismal swamp’ (1856), ‘The pearl of Orrs Island: A story of the coast of Maine’ (1862), ‘Palmetto leaves’ (1873), ‘Queer little folks’ (1897) etc.