Homework for you

A Long Way Gone Theme Essay Outline

Rating: 4.5/5.0 (40 Votes)

Category: Essay

Description

English essay

English essay

Developing good writing skills can help you go a long way in churning out a career in professional writing. If you have a strong fundamental grasp over English you can polish it further to develop into a professional writer.

English essay writing is one of the most commonly used forms of writing and it is used to test the skills of students during different stages of their academic curricula. We will try to analyze in this article how best we can write an English essay and what are the critical factors that should be taken note of.

Reputed English scholars have said that the basic problem with essay writing lies in writers only describing about facts and not analyzing why those facts happened. This makes an essay shallow and the reader may lose interest after reading the initial few paragraphs. It is important that you establish the theme of the essay first and then let it flow the normal course by using metaphors, symbolic moments, or important incidents to relate to the overall story. This is what makes the essay interesting and holds the readers interest. It is important that we relate the text of the essay to the time that it is set. This is extremely important as this makes it easy for the reader to relate the theme to the reality prevailing at that point in time. Another critical factor that writers may face while writing an essay is to distinguish between the author and the speaker. A speaker is someone who is telling their story in the essay but the author is someone who has jotted down the essay. When writing an essay we should always have a unified argument, try to link the ideas as this will make the storyline flow smoothly and keep a track of the important points that we want to bring out in the essay.

When writing English essay be very focused on the parameters as outlined in the topic. This alone will help you to help your assessor or reader to interpret your thoughts on the topic. There are different ways that assessors analyze an essay. Hence to keep ourselves on a safer side we should always try to bring out the topic theme is the best way possible. There are few important points that an assessor looks into when he is analyzing an essay. Understanding of the subject, clear statements to support arguments . supporting your arguments with references and drawing a conclusion are the main factors that are looked in an essay. It is important that you analyze the topic given and frame your thoughts in a clear and crisp manner. In the development stage it is always advisable that if you have any doubts you should always get it clarified. Once you have completed the essay it is important that you review the essay to evaluate your arguments. Draw a convincing conclusion to close the essay.

English essay writing is a skill which develops with experience. Following the basic guidelines of essay writing can help you develop high standards of essay.

Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Other articles

Study guide for acc

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details.

Explore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare app Get the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline

Continue to the mobile site »

  • Upload
  • Login
  • Signup

Double tap to zoom out

Study guide for acc

Share this SlideShare

LinkedIn Corporation © 2017

8 Ways to Outline a Novel

8 Ways to Outline a Novel

There are countless ways to outline a novel. Ultimately, the "right way to outline" is whatever way works best for you.To give you a few options to explore, this article will introduce you to a few of my favorite outlining methods. But first.

Why bother outlining?

Outlining isn't a moral imperative, and it doesn't work for everyone. But even if you are a “pantser” (a.k.a. “a discovery writer”), there are some noteworthy advantages worth exploring.

  • You reduce the amount of work you'll need to do during writing. By planning out ideas first, you can trim down the amount of time spent in writing the novel itself. This is especially beneficial for those of you looking to do some last-hour preparation for NaNoWriMo.
  • You give yourself a chance to spot potential roadblocks and plot holes. Since outlining gives you a broader view of the work, you may be able to identify story problems or areas that will require creative solutions. Even if outlining doesn't automatically solve these problems, it gives you some time to mull your solutions over prior to hitting the roadblocks.
  • You can save yourself some hassle. When writing off the cuff, it's entirely possible to paint yourself into a corner. While this isn't a problem per se, it does require that you spend time painting yourself back out again. Outlining can help you eliminate this issue.
  • You get the creative juices flowing. By starting to think about the various aspects of your story, you're jump-starting the creative processes. Even if you never refer to your outline again, your mind will be primed for writing.
  • You get the chance to thread ideas through your piece. Outlining helps you choose ways to foreshadow, drop hints, or unify the theme in earlier parts of your work.

For these and other reasons, outlines are often worthwhile. So, what are some possible ways to outline your novel?

1. The Expanding "Snowflake" Outline

The snowflake method is one highly specific form of what I call the “expanding outline.” In any expanding outline, you start with the simplest form of the story:

Jack/Jill get injured while climbing a hill trying to get water.

Then you expand on it:

Jack, the mayor's son, is sent to fetch water. Jill comes with him. They get injured while climbing the hill where the well is.

Then you expand on it more:

Jack, who is the mayor's son, is sent to fetch water for the town. His girlfriend Jill comes with him. At the top of the hill where the well is, the two are attacked. They attempt to escape but trip and fall down the hill. They are both injured.

This process continues until every part of the story has the level of detail you want. The “snowflake method” advocates a specific way of getting to that level and can be rather intensive; you can find the specifics of the "snowflake method" here. Whether you use the precise methodology of the snowflake or simply expand an idea repeatedly until you're satisfied, this method is a good way to identify when some of your ideas could still use development.

2. Pure Summary

Basically, the idea here is to write your story from beginning to end but replace all scenes and dialogue with summaries. It's your entire story, just laid out while still at the maximum level of compression.

Jack and Jill are called in for a royal audience. The king tells them they need to get water. They leave. They talk about the consequences of disobeying the king, deciding that they had better obey. They climb the hill, which is very steep. At the top of the hill, they look around for a while. They talk about the tyranny of the kingdom, deciding that they hate the king and would rather die than serve him. Jack commits suicide by throwing himself down the mountain. Jill then does the same. When the people see this, they start a revolt. The revolt rages through the streets for a while. They overthrow the king.

This method helps give a cohesive sense of the story and gives a good road-map for you to follow during the writing process itself.

3. The Skeletal Outline

You've probably used skeletal outlines for academic papers before. The notion here is to lay out your core points (or, in this case, narrative points) in the order you feel will best aid the flow of your argument (or, in this case, storytelling). It gives a good birds-eye view of your structure and can help you re-form your story for maximum impact.

I. Exposition
----The story takes place in a village named Hillside
----We are introduced to Jack, who is a paladin.
----We are introduced to Jill, who is a thief.
II. Inciting Incident
----Jack catches Jill stealing a crown. While he's arresting her.
----Goblins sneak into the village and light buildings on fire.
III. Rising Action
----Jack/Jill both decide they must climb the hill to get the magical Pail of Endless Water.
----On the way up the hill, J/J encounter and fight goblins.
----At the top of the hill, J/J find that a dark priest named Ravimag has been controlling the goblins.
IV. Climax
----Jack/Jill fight Ravimag
----Jack is flung from the hill by Ravimag
----In anger, Jill stabs Ravimag and retrieves the Pail of Endless Water, then leaps down the hill
V. Falling action
----Falling
VI. Resolution
----Flash forward to a time when Jack is discovered, still healthy
----Jack/Jill have saved the town from the fire and Ravimag
----Jack/Jill are celebrated by the people
----Jack lets Jill go, even though she stole the crown

If you're struggling to form a plot, you can even use the hero's journey or Freytag's Pyramid as your base-line (as I did above) and then graft your own characters and ideas to the appropriate points.

4. Flashlight Outlining

Just like a flashlight gives great illumination to what's near and only a small amount to what's far, the "flashlight method" of outlining is all about letting yourself discover the story gradually while still doing enough planning that you can anticipate any walls you're about to crash into.

Chapter 1. Jack/Jill are on opposing teams for a boys vs girls basketball game. Jack is charming and flirtatious, but arrogantly thinks that the boys will have no trouble winning. When he taunts Jill, she pushes past him and breaks his nose.
Chapter 2. Jack/Jill meet again in a park, and after bickering for a bit, they decide they need to have a set of challenges to see who is really the better athlete. They start with a javelin throw, which Jack wins.
Chapter 3. For the second challenge, Jack and Jill do some sort of gymnastic event, which Jill wins.
Other chapters: Jack/Jill go back and forth winning events. Eventually, Jack/Jill decide to have a final challenge of having a race up the hill to the well. Jack is ahead but falls and gets injured, and Jill decides to help him instead of winning.

While it may not provide all the time-savings advantages of other outline methods (especially for the NaNites out there), it does help you shape your story more consciously than if you just go off the cuff.

5. Free Writing

Free-writing is the most pantser-friendly way to approach your story, and it's my personal favorite method for outlining a longer piece. The advantage of this method is that you can bring whatever level of detail and thought you happen to have available, make notes on your goals, and ask yourself questions as you go. For example:

This story is about Jack and Jill, who are going to fetch some water. They're doing this for their town, because the town was built on top of some ancient ruins that contain a monster. This monster is paralyzed by water. The water has to come from a special well, which was blessed by a shaman a long time ago. Jill is the descendant of this shaman, and she has some magical abilities, but she doesn't know that at the beginning of the story. Jill has the obligation to get the water as part of the ceremony to paralyze the monster, but she doesn't believe that the monster really exists, because she's never seen it before and it's been gone for so long. Jack is Jill's guardian, and he uses a giant axe to fight the monsters that live on “the hill.”

When going up the hill, Jack and Jill have to fight their way through multiple enemies. Maybe evil llamas of some sort. And lizards. At the top of the hill, Jack is injured and Jill chooses to stay with him. She finds she can magically control the elements, which she has to do to defend him. However, because she hasn't returned with the water for the ceremony, the monster begins to wake up and there is an earthquake while Jack and Jill are coming down the hill. They both fall down and are injured again.

For me, free-writing isn't so much about giving myself a road-map as it is about spontaneous idea generation and giving myself enough content that I can start to really daydream about my story.

6. The Visual Map

This is my second-favorite way to look at a story, partially because it gives you the freedom to draw in connections and expand on concepts on the fly.

I won't share my example of this, partially because every person's approach will differ but mostly because I took a picture of my sketch and realized that my handwriting is completely illegible. To summarize, I started with blocks for the core plot and character points and then branched off from these as I asked myself more questions. What was Jack's motivation? He was the son of the mayor. Why did they need water? There was a drought. Why did they fall? There was a cougar. Why was there a cougar? Because of the drought, maybe? You get the idea.

7. Contextual Preparation

Even if you choose not to write out your plot, there's a lot of advantage to writing about the context in which the story takes place. That means developing your setting. systems (e.g. technology, deities, magic, politics, etc.), and thinking about the questions you want your reader to be asking. For discovery writers, having a well-developed sense of character is especially important (take a look at this in-depth character questionnaire for more help on that front).

Jack/Jill live in the land of Fulululu. Fulululu is a fairy kingdom where all plant-life serves as the homes of the fairy creatures. All the fairies cast spells through the use of magical mushrooms. These mushrooms allow them to control time and space. The Kingdom of Fulululu is ruled by King Bakon, who is a pure-blooded fairy. Jack is half fairy and half dandelion. This has raised some controversy, as there are those in the kingdom who oppose fairies marrying dandelions. Jill is Jack's best friend. She is a dragonfly.

With a sense of the world and characters, you can more easily launch into the story and get a stronger sense that characters are finding their own plot—all while keeping the tone and rules of your world consistent.

8. Outlining Software

I've never used any software myself, so I can't personally testify to the effectiveness of any one option. That said, there are several popular programs for writers, with the most notable being Scrivener. A quick Google search will show you dozens of other options, and there are even those who advocate using non-traditional tools like Excel and Trello for your outline.

These are just a few of the methods that have been recommended to me, that I've been exposed to, or that I've experimented with. Hopefully at least one proves useful to you. Meanwhile, do you have any specific methods of your own? We'd love to hear your preferred approach in the comments, below.

Column by Robbie Blair

Robbie Blair is a world-wandering author and poet who blogs about his adventures, the writing craft, and more. He was doomed to write when, at just three years old, his English-professor father taught him the "To be or not to be" soliloquy. Robbie has since published more than a dozen creative pieces in literary journals (including Touchstones, Enormous Rooms, Warp + Weave. and V Magazine ). Robbie Blair's website is loaded with travel narratives; original creative work; writerly humor; pretty pictures; writing games, lessons, tips, and exercises; and other uber-nifty™ content.

Matt Oddfield from nowhere in particular is reading Embassytown October 28, 2014 - 9:41am

Great post. I've never heard of this many variations for outlining. I guess the snowflake method is the most famous one, at least on my part of Internet. The funny thing is, whenever I try it, my snowflakes gradually drift into freestyle sketches. Oh, and I do love Excel.

Another thing I like doing is compiling a playlist for each chapter/character/whatever I feel is necessary. Gets me right in the mood.

Michele Puddu October 28, 2014 - 12:15pm

Before I read this, I only knew the snowflake method. Thanks, these tips were really useful, I think I'll combine the skeleton outline with the snowflake method from now on. Using playlist for different parts is also an awesome idea, Matt!

Jason Oliver Taylor October 29, 2014 - 5:07am

I begin with Pure Summary and Contextual Preparation as I collect ideas, do research, randomly think of something lying in bed, etc. and collect it all in a book with no particular order. Once I'm satisfied I have enough material, I use a hybrid of the Skeletal and Flashlight Outlining to give my ideas a sequence that will shape the story and finally when I'm ready to draft, I'll take those ordered ideas and begin the Snowflake method before committing to a draft of a chapter.

Redd Tramp from Los Angeles, CA is reading Mongrels by SGJ; Sacred and Immoral: On the Writings of Chuck Palahniuk; The History of Sexuality by Michel Foucault October 29, 2014 - 8:15am

Thank you so much for this. Helped a lot. Good advice, not only for novel-writing, but story-writing in general.

Matt L. from Texas is reading Tenth of December: Stories November 3, 2014 - 6:00pm

Thanks for taking the time to gather up and explain these outlining methods. I've used many of them intuitively but haven't ever seen them separated and broken down like this. Looking at my workflow as of late I would say I've been caught in a sort of Flashlight Outlining, Free Writing, Pure Summary, Contextual Prep loop. I think having a grasp of each technique and its benefits could help me be more productive. Not saying you can't combine these methods but sometimes it's helpful to keep it simple.

In fact, I think I have identified Contextual Preparation as the culprit for grinding my creative process to a halt in my current work. I've been getting way too caught up in the minutiae. May be time to step away from CP for a while and focus on the other techniques.

Keep up the good work, Robbie.

jonathancaleb116 May 21, 2015 - 6:14am

I’ve searched many blogs and among all I found this one fun and best. I shared with all my buddies and they too enjoyed it. I gave them the link so that they can read whenever they feel free to. I’m thinking of writing one soon, but first I want to see more of yours blogs so that I can have the idea of how to write one on my own someday. It’s helping and informative, which I enjoyed. All types of apparels are here with an amazing price on Fjackets. That’s right, the must-wear clothing that you have noticed celebrities wearing, which the same are made available and you can avail it easily. Made from high quality leather, wool and cotton fabric, along with accurate designs that will blow your mind of noticing that it’s the same as you have on television. You can casual style it and wear it at most exciting places like the clubs, restaurants and other party places where you’ll get impressed easily on your dressing. So go for it and visit Fjackets.com and buy now.

Adron J. Smitley January 29, 2016 - 3:19am

I'd also like to suggest reading one of my resource books on writing: "Stomping Kittent: a first-draft workbook" or "Punching Babies: a how-to guide" as both are GUARANTEED to improve the pace of your writing =-) At least check out the FREE pages Amazon shows you of the books and see for yourself, and enjoy.

lisadavid155 February 6, 2017 - 2:43am

Theme Essay Outline

theme essay outline

Writing your Essay. First, pick one theme to write your analysis (question #1). Next. outline, rough draft, questions, and final paper, so save it all.Paragraph for Thematic Analysis Essay Assertions (topic sentences of body paragraphs) Your Theme Analysis Outline MLA Documentation Conclusion Example. Organize your essay around ideas relating to your critical lens. • In the body of your essay. Literary Analysis Essay Outline Author: kackermanComing of Age and Theme – Suggested Outline I. Introduction A. Introduce your paper by explaining how your novel fits the coming-of-age genre; use5 Paragraph Essay Template Introductory ParagraphIntroductory Paragraph Introduce the topic by grabbing the audience’s attention Narrow the topic by leading into. Literary Essay Writing Unit 8th Grade –. Writing a literary essay using theme and character development to support a chosen argument. By generating.A basic guide on how to make a good essay outline. Learn how an essay outline can help you structure a great essay.outline for theme essay A man may both be too much in love with virtue, and be excessive in a just action.THESIS STATEMENTS, OUTLINES, AND FIVE-PARAGRAPH THEMES. is almost an outline by itself. It states the essay. The five-paragraph theme is an entirely artificial. Sample Essay Outlines Organize your ideas. Develop an outline to organize your ideas. An outline shows your main ideas and the order in which you are going to write. .theme essay outline

Helping students with graduate-level writing assignments

The primary thrust of GraduateWriter.com is preparing model theses, dissertations, capstone projects, action research projects, and other similar large-scale works for graduate students who have completed all of their coursework and are facing their final projects. We are also equally adept at revising drafts of any and all such projects, and can perform everything from a light edit to a major rewrite. If you are still working your way through your coursework, don't worry! We can help you with research papers, case studies, critiques, and other shorter graduate-level works.

NEW! We now offer a complete range of services geared toward the distance learner. If you need help with your online courses, ask us how we can be of service.

The following is a full list of document types we'll be happy to assist you with:

Admissions Essay

An argument could be made that admissions essays are among the most important documents graduate students are expected to produce. Without an excellent, attention-grabbing admissions essay, entrance to graduate school is far from a done deal, even when all other areas (grades, volunteer activities, and so forth) are right in line to ensure admission. University committees want to see that students are able to articulate their personal strengths, as well as academic and even professional compatibilities, in a concise document that answers a specific, standard prompt - and they expect excellence in that document. The academic writers at GraduateWriter.com have decades of collective experience crafting admissions essays that get noticed.

Business Plan

Business plans are the cornerstone of any new business venture, whether entrepreneurial or an addition to an existing firm. Learning how to write a business plan is, therefore, an integral part of every reputable business school. Yet they are daunting in nature, to say the least. The most bare-bones of business plans can contain 15-20 pages, while more comprehensive ones are much longer, containing pages upon pages of budgets, projected budgets, earnings predictions, market studies, and so forth. There are templates online that can help, but they too can be confusing - not to mention the fact that someone has to fill in all of the blanks. Let us help you with your business plan, either the one you need for class or the one you need for your new business.

Capstone Project

A capstone project is roughly analogous to a thesis, in the sense that it is completed at the end of the master's level round of coursework and is intended to show mastery of the subject being studied. Capstone projects differ from theses, though, in that they incorporate more "real world" experience and action into their preparation and completion. For that reason, they tend to be used in disciplines ranging from the social sciences to public health administration. Put simply, a philosophy major will most likely need to complete a thesis while a future teacher might well complete a capstone project intended to display real-classroom knowledge and expertise. The writers at GraduateWriter are well acquainted with capstone projects and are here if you need us.

Case Study

Speaking of real world experience, few classroom endeavors mimic the real world like a case study. Whether you're a nursing student or a business student, you will almost definitely encounter a few case studies in your academic career. The idea is simple. A few pages of text outline a particular situation (often based upon a "true story"), and the questions that follow are intended to guide the student to learn what s/he needs to learn from that situation. For example, a business case study might show how Starbucks rose to its current position; alternatively, another business case study might give the particulars of a thorny managerial situation with no real resolution presented. The student is then asked to analyze, evaluate, and give recommendations in response to the text. Case studies are harder than they appear - let us help with them.

Cover Letter

If you're familiar with the process of applying to graduate school, you know that your application can resemble a small book when all is said and done. It only makes sense to cap off the pile of documents with a cover letter introducing yourself, explaining why you're an excellent candidate to the school, and making some sense of the packet of information. A cover letter is just the thing to accomplish this. It's not an admissions essay, nor a letter of intent, but rather a brief, succinct, well-written paragraph or two that acts as an abstract for your admissions packet. Such letters are challenging to write; this is another area in which a professional writer can come in handy.

Dissertation / Thesis (All Chapters)

Everyone knows what a dissertation or thesis is, but few people really understand the depths of work associated with completing one. Because a dissertation or thesis requires that the student complete original research, and because such research can be daunting (given that most masters and doctoral-level students have not completed their own major research projects before this point), completing either one can feel like an insurmountable goal. Dissertations and theses are also lengthy documents - anywhere from 100-400 pages is typical. That much writing in itself is extremely difficult. Finally, dissertation and thesis committees are notorious for making the process as difficult as possible - not because they are sadistic, but because they need to be sure that students are truly learning what they need to learn. Rather than be scared by the process, get help to ensure you come through it with your sanity intact.

Dissertation / Thesis (Multiple Chapters)

Are you one or two chapters into your dissertation or thesis but experiencing serious writer's block as far as finishing it is concerned? Conversely, are you confident that you can complete your dissertation or thesis yourself as long as someone gets you started? Because both dissertations and theses are long, and because they are broken into chapters, it is relatively easy for us to assist you with just part of your process if that is best for you. Contact us to find out how we can help with just a few chapters of your dissertation or thesis.

Dissertation / Thesis Chapter - Abstract

A well-written abstract is like a well-written summary: extremely useful and able to stand alone as a document unto itself, but extremely difficult to write. This is for all the obvious reasons, including most importantly the fact that choosing which details to include and which to discard is a tricky. This is particularly true when one is writing an abstract for one's own dissertation or thesis. It's a bit like editing one's own work: you've looked at it so many times that you don't see your own mistakes anymore. What might seem to be common knowledge in your dissertation or thesis (and thus excludable) can in actuality simply be something with which you are very familiar, but no one else knows. On the other hand, you might be compelled to include in your abstract certain facts that, while you find compelling, are not truly at the core of your work. Allow one of the highly skilled, objective writers at GraduateWriter to assist you with this very important document.

Dissertation / Thesis Chapter - Introduction

The introduction to a dissertation or thesis serves a few functions. First, it introduces the reader to the general topic at hand, as well as the approach which will be taken to investigate said topic. Second, it piques the reader's interest so that s/he wants to continue reading the text. Third, it gives the reader sufficient background information so that the topic and approach make sense, but not so much that it resembles the literature review. Finally, the introduction lays out the rest of the dissertation or thesis so the reader is left with a structure for what s/he will read. Accomplishing all of these tasks in a relatively short chapter - and doing so in a lively style, with relevant content - is difficult. Let GraduateWriter know if you need help kicking off your dissertation or thesis.

Dissertation / Thesis Chapter - Hypothesis

Not all research projects involve hypotheses. Some are more exploratory in nature, seeking to describe a particular phenomenon without directing (or inhibiting) the search the way one or more formal hypotheses do. However, many qualitative, and most quantitative, research designs call for the formulation of hypotheses. While most thesis- and dissertation-level students know what their hypotheses are, that does not mean they know the best way to word them. And yet until and unless well-crafted hypotheses are in place, the research cannot proceed. Don't flounder under the pressure of writing two or three sentences, critical though they are. Let us know if you need help, and we will be there.

Dissertation / Thesis Chapter - Literature Review

The literature review is generally the longest chapter in a dissertation or thesis. Every study needs to establish its foundation, and this is where that is done, even if the foundation for the research is the fact that little other research into the particular area has been done. Once the foundation is established, the literature review also helps to identify the gaps in the literature which the student is hoping to close by conducting the study. Completing a literature review in itself can be exhausting. The process involves wading through sometimes thousands of articles in order to choose the best fifty to one hundred for the current study. Then each article must first be read, understood, and summarized so that second, it can be combined with others to really synthesize the material. The flow of the review should be such that it is not a laundry list of articles but rather a coherent stream of information leading in a particular direction; namely, that of the heart of the dissertation. Be sure you are on point with this critical chapter of your dissertation or thesis, and get professional help if you need it.

Dissertation / Thesis Chapter - Methodology

Although it is generally short, the methodology chapter of the dissertation or thesis is the key to understanding the entire study. The reader must be able to see and understand the research design: its structure, its details, and its justifications. While the literature review chapter lays the foundation for the study, the methodology chapter explains the study itself. Its location after the literature review ensures that the reader has a context in which to place the design. Key to this chapter are succinct prose, on-point language, and a clear, active voice. Do not be deceived by the relative shortness of this chapter, and get help from GraduateWriter if you are struggling to communicate the gist of your research design.

Dissertation / Thesis Chapter - Data Analysis

Once data have been collected, they need to be analyzed using the tests discussed in the methodology. Without performing scientifically-grounded statistical tests upon data sets, it is not possible to be able to conclusively state anything about said data sets one way or another. This is not just true for quantitative data; qualitative data as well need to be analyzed using such methods as thematic analysis to determine any patterns that might exist. Whatever the particular analyses that are being performed, this is a lynch-pin chapter for your dissertation or thesis. This is where you either support or refute your hypothesis; this is where you show what you have learned. Be sure your writing is clear, complete, understandable, and coherent, and be sure to get professional writing assistance if you have any difficulties.

Dissertation / Thesis Chapter - Results

Once you collect your data, you must analyze them. This means that any necessary statistical tests which were outlined in your methodology need to be performed, and the results gathered into a coherent format, so that some sense can be made of the work. It is important to remember that this chapter is not the place for any kind of discussion of the results. Rather, it is where the results are presented, absent any commentary from the dissertation or thesis author, so that the reader can literally see what was discovered during the data collection component of the project. GraduateWriter can quite often help with this portion of the work - ask us if we can help with your particular dissertation or thesis.

Dissertation / Thesis Chapter - Discussion

This is the place for the researcher to make sense of the results. This is either done in the context of the hypotheses or, if no hypotheses were used, in the context of the other aims of the study. Were any tests significant and, if so, what does that mean in relationship to the hypotheses? If one or more hypotheses were supported by the data analysis, what does that mean in relationship to the current literature on the subject (if there is any)? What do the results mean in the bigger picture? These are some of the areas covered in the discussion chapter of dissertations and theses. It can be difficult to thoroughly discuss results both in themselves and also in the context of the broader literature base, so please don't hesitate to reach out for help if necessary.

Dissertation / Thesis Chapter - Conclusion

This is the "so what" chapter of the dissertation or thesis. So you got the results you did. So you synthesized and analyzed those results as far as possible. But what does it mean? Why should anyone care? Here is where you get to justify all of your hard work. Because you showed that high school students learn better when they start school later, that adds to the rest of the studies that show that also, adding one more nudge toward responsible school reform. Because you showed that eating dairy led to more sinus infections in your experimental group than in your control group, you can add one more study to the growing body of work that shows dairy products are on balance unhealthy for human consumption. Whatever you studied, it has import, and this is where you "bring it on home" for your reader. GraduateWriter can help.

Dissertation / Thesis Chapter - Other Chapter (not listed above)

These chapters just discussed above are the typical chapters of a dissertation or thesis. However, every school has its own particular twist on these time-honored texts. Some schools add a recommendations chapter, while others would like to see recommendations in the conclusion. Some schools have more than one results chapter. Whatever particular guidelines your school has for your dissertation or thesis, GraduateWriter can help.

The essay is an art form about which countless texts have been written, thus making it difficult to summarize this most basic of writing formats in a few words. Essays inform, persuade, argue, cajole, and entertain. They can act as a poem does, to shine a light on a specific thing or situation and bring clarity to it, or they can act as a book and give a sweeping overview of a global trend. Essays should be succinct, creative, lively, on-point, and smart. Don't let their relative brevity fool you: they are an advanced form for sure. Let our writers at GraduateWriter bring their skills and talents to bear on your essay requirements.

The interview is a time-honored way of gathering information directly from a (human) source (as opposed to a book or data set). Using a series of previously-determined questions, the interviewer listens to and records all answers without editing, commenting, correcting, or otherwise interfering in the process. This sort of open-ended method of obtaining information is more difficult than it looks, as the interviewer needs to create effective questions (effective in getting to the desired information) while still allowing the interviewee enough freedom to say what s/he needs and wants to say. Once all questions have been asked, the interviewer is left with an enormous amount of information to sift through, and that in itself is also a challenging process (determining what is, and is not, critical to the matter at hand is just one of the difficult tasks). Whether you need an interview instrument, or help with the interviews themselves, GraduateWriter is ready and waiting to assist you.

Lab Report

Most of the physical sciences are taught via, among other things, the use of labs in which students get first-hand knowledge of physical processes. By setting up situations in which the results are known ahead of time (such as what will happen when two chemicals are mixed together), instructors allow students to step through very real, visceral learning experiences, learning important concepts and rules far better than they would if they were just reading about them. Once the experiments are done, the students need to write up the results. This is where we come in. Let us help you with the sometimes arduous task of writing up what you already know.

Legal Brief

The best way to get better at something is to practice it, over and over. Law schools know this, which is one reason why they ask their law students to write so many legal briefs. Briefs are perhaps the cornerstone of legal communication. As their name suggests, they are short, containing no fluff, filler, or otherwise unnecessary words; they are focused solely upon the matter at hand, which is arguing why a particular case should go the way the brief argues it should go. In law school, students are essentially told to forget what they know about writing and learn how to write briefs the way their professors tell them to do - that is how regimented and format-driven they are, because that is how the court system has evolved to use them. Many of our professional freelance writers are either former lawyers or people with their JDs who excel at writing briefs - should you ever need the help.

Letter of Intent

A letter of intent is simply what it says: a letter outlining the intentions of one party to another (and vice versa) in a particular situation. This could be any sort of situation from a landlord-tenant issue to an employer-employee contract situation. Usually, though, letters of intent are written by prospective graduate writers to their desired schools, expressing intentions to apply, detailing reasons why it would be a good idea for said schools to admit said students, and generally showing what an excellent match it would be. Think of a letter of intent as a slightly kicked-up (and yet more smoothly sophisticated) version of an admissions essay; after all, you're older now - you're a graduate student - and it's time to polish off the prose. If that sounds daunting, don't worry. We're here to help.

Master's Thesis

Completing a master's thesis can be daunting for all sorts of reasons. Beyond the obvious (the scope is wide and deep, the research to sift through is massive, etc.), it is also challenging because the master's thesis seems to happen very quickly. If you think about it, there are usually only a couple of years of coursework before the master's thesis rears its head, as opposed to several more years when it comes to the distance between entering a PhD program and beginning a dissertation. This can make the thesis seem like a metaphorical punch in the gut. Don't go it alone: seek help if you need it.

MBA Coursework

It seems more and more folks are going to B-school to get their MBAs. This only makes sense, in an era of increasingly widespread global capitalism. But just because something is popular doesn't mean it's easy. It is reasonable to state that many newly-decided business students have a too-optimistic view of the difficulty level of obtaining an MBA. In other words, they think it will be a no-brainer but it won't. Business has its own language, for one thing. For another, there's lots of numbers associated with business, and not just counting money numbers either. Students need to gain an understanding of economics, marketing, finance, and other business-related things, even if they aren't majoring in them. In short, getting an MBA is hard work. GraduateWriter can help you with that work.

Movie Review

How hard can it be to write a review of a movie? You watch the thing, talk about it a bit, and then write about it. Easy peasy. Of course, it's not at all that easy. The reviewer needs to think about issues like direction, relevance, character development, references to other films (or current events, or past events, or anything else for that matter), setting, and everything else one might imagine is critical to the production of a movie. The reviewer needs to find a way to state his or her opinion in such a fashion that it is supported by and rooted in fact, something that is much more difficult to do than say. Finally, of course, the whole thing needs to be entertaining. If you are unsure of your movie reviewing skills given this laundry-list of requirements, let's talk.

Online Learning

Online learning opportunities are multiplying by leaps and bounds. Once thought to be a passing fad, online learning is now an established part of the academic community. Increasing numbers of students -- particularly returning students, both undergraduate and graduate -- are taking advantage of this flexible method of earning a degree. While online courses offer an excellent way to study, they are not as easy as some people might think. They move fast, they usually have many written requirements, and the grading scales are no more forgiving than those of brick and mortar institutions. Let GraduateWriter.com help you navigate the sometimes complex, and always difficult, world of online learning.

Personal Statement

Perhaps the primary challenge of writing a personal statement is ensuring that you strike the right balance between humility and arrogance. In other words, the personal statement should be full of confidence, that extremely elusive quality that most people can't seem to find. Yet the writer of the personal statement needs to find it, if only on paper in that one particular document. Furthermore, the personal statement needs to talk up the institution as well as the person writing it. I'm the smartest, most gifted person you will ever meet, but without your school to shape me, I will not live up to my potential. I'm destined to be a brilliant brain surgeon, but not if I can't be taught by your illustrious professors. You get the idea. Let GraduateWriter know how we can help.

PhD Dissertation

The PhD dissertation has come to be known as the pinnacle of academic accomplishment. Certainly, it is completed at the end of several years of increasingly rigorous scholarship, and it is also, in itself, an extremely challenging project. Dissertations are also made more difficult by committees that seek to find fault with almost everything the doctoral candidate attempts. This is done on purpose, to ensure that the student truly knows what s/he is doing, can stand up to critique, and is willing to revise almost ad nauseam until the committee gives its final approval. The process, understandably, can take years to complete, given not only these challenges but also the difficulties of gathering data, locating sources, running the proper statistical analyses, and so forth. GraduateWriter excels in dissertation-level assistance. Don't wait too long before seeing how we can help you.

PowerPoint Presentation

Over the past couple of decades, the PowerPoint (PPT) Presentation has become virtually ubiquitous in board rooms, presentation halls, classrooms, conference rooms, and everywhere else people meet and discuss - well, whatever it is they need to discuss. In a few short slides, presenters can use a PPT presentation to showcase and discuss almost any issue, from simple to extremely complex, and attendees can even go home with copies of the presentation which they can use as reference materials later. Just because everyone and their mother is out there making PPT presentations, however, doesn't mean they're all good ones. If you need a high-quality PPT presentation, look no further than the gifted writers at GraduateWriter.

The word proposal can mean several different things, depending upon the context. This is particularly true when considering that to some schools, the proposal is essentially the first three chapters of the thesis or dissertation, while to others, the proposal is just that: a proposed course of study to be undertaken in the thesis or dissertation process. Either way, proposals are sort of like outlines in that they give a broad overview of what the author proposes to do. A brief introduction is included, as is enough of a literature review to show the reader that the proposed study makes sense in the context of existing scholarship. A cursory methodology is generally included as well, as the writer has to know what the study is if s/he is to determine whether or not the proposal has worth. While the details of proposals change as the research process moves forward, getting them as right as possible from the beginning will save a lot of grief later on down the road. Let us help you get it right.

Prospectus

A proposal and a prospectus are roughly analogous, although their connotations differ somewhat. One does not usually think of writing a research prospectus for a dissertation, as one does with a research proposal; on the other hand, one does not usually think of writing a proposal for a group of entrepreneurs who might fund one's pet project. Instead, one thinks of writing a prospectus. Whatever connotations or meanings may lead these two things to differ, they are both essentially plans - outlines - detailed descriptions of something someone is going to do, and why. Whether you need a prospectus for your next board meeting or a prospectus for a new book you've written, GraduateWriter works with the kinds of highly skilled professionals who can assist you.

Questionnaire

Creating an excellent questionnaire is much more challenging than most people imagine. Take the typical 10-question survey. Sure, it's easy to whip up a few questions for, say, student teachers in the Bronx to answer about their experiences. But will those questions actually gather the information you need? Will they get to the issues you are trying to explore in your research project? Do they have validity and reliability? Are they considered open-ended questions rather than, say, Likert-style questions, and thus more appropriate for an interview instrument? These are just some of the issues involved in writing and honing a solid questionnaire. We have experience in this area and are happy to help.

Research Paper

While it might seem like a research paper is basically a thesis or dissertation - just shorter - there is one critical difference: most research papers do not ask the author to conduct actual field research. Rather, the author conducts research into the existing literature, synthesizes it, and reaches conclusions and recommendations based upon same. This does not mean that no research papers ever include original research, but most of them do not. In graduate school, research papers are expected to be far more sophisticated than they are in undergraduate studies: more sophisticated in terms of vocabulary, depth of analysis, incisiveness of conclusions, and so forth. Do not be daunted. Get help now.

Research Proposal

A research proposal is just what it sounds like: a proposal which details the need to conduct a particular research study, and shows the general methodology for same. A research proposal might be created prior to embarking upon a dissertation, or it might be done in the "real world," by researchers who are interested in a particular line of study and who need funding to do so. Such proposals are open to far more scrutiny than are, say, prospectuses which, while important to all parties involved, do not necessarily involve living subjects to be studied, or other potential hazards. For that reason, most research proposals need to be written by advanced writers so that they are completely on-point. If you need assistance with writing, you've come to the right place.

Resume / CV / Cover Letter

Whether you're seeking a position while finishing up your degree or putting yourself out there on the job market after you've obtained it, you're going to need an exemplary resume/CV and cover letter. In the absence of a professional-grade resume or CV, potential employers won't give you a chance; and even the best of resumes won't be read if the cover letter doesn't grab the reader. This is not the time to just give it your best shot and hope for the best. This is the time to seek expert assistance. GraduateWriter works with many writers who count the preparation of professional documents among their specialties (resumes, CVs, cover letters, letters of intent, and so forth). We can take your educational and work experiences and make them shine.

Statistics Project

Ah, statistics. People love them or hate them. Either way, they are a critical part of almost every research study ever conducted. They are a large part of the way we make sense of our world. We cite them every time we recommend a particular brand (50% of people prefer this brand!), every time we advocate a particular medical treatment (95% of people who get cataract surgery can see better), and even in our personal lives (I was rejected by two thirds of the journals where I sent my poems). These are, of course, simple statistics; they get far more complex, and understanding statistical results therefore becomes ever more confusing. GraduateWriter is here to help you get a handle on your own statistics needs.

Term Paper

Term papers are such an integral part of academia, it is almost impossible to imagine school without them. They are used to assess progress and determine levels of student learning, on the one hand, and are in themselves a learning-oriented activity, on the other. Meaning, students learn from completing term papers, and instructors learn how well students are learning by reviewing those same term papers. Of course, expectations regarding how well term papers are written depend upon the level of study. Once a student is in graduate school, though, expectations are almost uniformly high. What could pass when one was a sophomore just won't cut it as a second-year grad student. If your writing isn't keeping pace with your academic level, shoot us an email.