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British Rule In India A Positive Force History Essay

British Rule In India A Positive Force History Essay

Published: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: 23rd March, 2015

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

The British introduced many positive things to India, in particular after 1858, when the British Crown took over control of the territories previously controlled by the British East India Trading Company. This improved India in many ways, politically, socially, economically and culturally. Another good affect that the British had on India was the jump in agriculture, through large scale irrigation works. About 30 million acres of land was put into cultivation. Industrialization had also begun.

The British sparked a cultural renaissance by building many institutions in India and setup a productive system of government. They have framed wise laws and have established courts of justice. In addition to all these positive affects, Britain also linked India to the modern world through modern science and modern thought.

This brought rise to the Swadeshi movement, the Swadeshi's were educated middle class Indians that trained at and or worked at places such as the Geological survey of India, Public works departments, Indian Medical Research institutions and universities such as Aligarh, many of these Swadeshis were trained at English Model universities and many undertook courses in Engineering, this helped Indians build infrastructure for Indians and become independent.

In 1835, Social change was sparked when English was made official language of teaching in Indian schools and as a result, Western-educated Hindus sought to rid Hinduism of controversial social practices, such as the Varna (caste) system, child marriage and Sati Pratha (the act in which when a Hindu woman's husband died, she must throw herself onto his flaming funeral pyre and kill herself by burning to death)

(Lekhni, D 2008, 'Sati Pratha: A crime', 5/5/2008, accessed 16 March 2011, <http://www.helium.com/items/1031339-sati-pratha-a-crime>.)

Political change began in 1757, When Robert Clive conquered Bengal, it was the Governor-General, Warren Hastings who first began to rule it, his first act was to facilitate revenue collection in Bengal, previously done by the Nawabs. In order to do this, he devised an entirely new revenue system, establishing direct administration over local agencies and land owners. Hastings also brought in new systems of civil and criminal law, which were devised based on thorough study of indigenous systems of justice.

It must be known that Britain didn't take the administration of India from Indians; they simply took the power away from other foreigners, namely the Mughal Empire. It must be known that India was not a sovereign country when the British East India company first made its inroads on the 31st December, 1600 and not even when the British Crown took over control of British East India Company territories in 1858, it was still under Mughal rule, which subsequently ended in the same year due to British troops under General Robert Clive's rule at Buxar in Eastern India

Before British rule, India was governed by the harsh Mughal Emperors, such as Aurangzeb and Jahangir who were effectively dictators who forced Islam onto the Indian people, destroyed over 300 temples, banned the Diwali Festival and had imprisoned some of the pioneers of Sikhism, such as Guru Arjan Singh. Aurangzeb also introduced the much hated "Jiziya" Tax, which was a tax paid by all non-Muslims, it was, of course, evident that the tax represented a discrimination and was intended to emphasize the inferior status of the non-believers

('Aurangzeb\'s Fatwa on Jiziya [Jiziya, or Poll Tax]' (Year of Publication not stated), accessed 16 March 2011, http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/Mughals/Aurnag_fatwa.html)

The British introduced a system of multi-party democracy for India's various state councils and regional legislatures, whereby the people's representatives were elected by popular vote.

Economic change began in 1757, but reached a zenith in the mid 1800's, when a modern, Western-style infrastructure to all aspects and levels of Indian affairs, which was far more efficient and sophisticated than the outdated systems of the Mughal period. Administration improved at all levels of society and this allowed India to grow as a nation. The British legal system was an improvement on what had gone before, as was the military infrastructure and health care system. Britain also provided India with modern technology, such as the railway network, electricity and, later with air transport.

The British found it difficult to travel great distances between different places in India. They felt the need to connect those places with trains to speed up the journey as well as to make it more comfortable than travel by road in the great heat. They also sought a more efficient means to transfer raw materials like cotton and wheat from the highlands of the country to the ports located in Bombay, Madras and Calcutta, from where they would be transported to factories in England. Besides, the mid-1800s were a period of mutiny and struggle in India, with uprisings in several parts of the country.

The British leaders wanted to be able to transfer soldiers quickly to places of unrest and railways seemed to be the simplest solution to these problems

Work began on the development of railway systems in India in the early 1850s. Initially, trains were used to transport raw materials from location to location. The first commercial passenger train in India ran between Bombay and Thane in Western India on April 16th, 1853 and the distance of 34 kilometres was covered in about 75 minutes.

The Indian Public was initially apprehensive of using railways as a means of travel, however they overcame that fear quickly and railways gained popularity and were used widely. Shortly after railroads began to be laid in other parts of India, mostly by private British companies and the major regions of India were connected by rail. To promote the construction of railway lines in India, the British Parliament introduced the guarantee system.

Under this system, any company that helped construct railroads in India was given a guarantee of a five percent return per annum on the initial amount that they invested. The company also had the right to pull out from the venture and receive compensation from the government at any time if it was not satisfied with the returns. This helped accelerate the development of railways in the country and was wholly backed by the British Government

A number of railway companies were founded in India in the mid 1800s (1855-1870) with most of them operating at a regional level. By the beginning of the 1870s, the total track coverage in India was 6400 kilometres. In addition to commercial objectives, railways also began to play a social role in India. When there were famines in several parts of the country between 1870 and 1880, railways played a very important role in providing relief to the affected areas.

By the end of 1880, the total track coverage increased to 14400 kilometres. In 1880, the Darjeeling Steam Tramway was commissioned; this railway track was considered to be one of the greatest engineering feats in the history of Indian railways, as it crossed much rough and dangerous mountain terrain at a steep gradient.

(Vora, Y 2009, 'Monopoly of Indian Railways: IIM Case Study', 13/05/2009, accessed 16 March 2011, <http://managementfunda.com/monopoly-of-indian-railways-iim-case-study/>.)

In 1890, the British Government passed the Railways Act, to govern the construction and operation of railways in India. By the beginning of the 20th century, there were nearly 40000 kilometres of railway track in the country.

(Vora, Y 2009, 'Monopoly of Indian Railways: IIM Case Study', 13/05/2009, accessed 16 March 2011, <http://managementfunda.com/monopoly-of-indian-railways-iim-case-study/>.)

In Conclusion, Britain brought India into the modern world of the 19th / 20th Centuries, raising it from the domination of the Mughul Empire that it had been oppressed under beforehand, and created a new, humane and advanced system of running a nation. The British also abolished some of the barbaric practices that were rife beforehand, such as Sati Pratha.

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Free Essays on Sati System

Free Essays on Sati System

SATI -Widow Immolation I am here today to provide knowledge to my audience about the origins, practice and abolition of an age-old Hindu custom called Sati which was prevalent in some communities in India. I would like to take you all for a short journey to a modern village called Deorala which is.

critical of Indian society and culture and were in favour of sweeping changes. They considered certain customs as social injustice like caste system . untouchably, the sati . infanticide and the status of women etc. The radicals received strong support from Rammohan Ray and other progressive Indians. British.

broad theme of 'gender and law'. Through this paper the author would make an attempt to ascertain the motives of the British behind regulation of Sati . Whether Sati was regulated due to their obligation to civilize the native barbarian or there were other reasons for the same. The paper will try to ascertain.

For those who are not familiar of Sati . Sati is a ritualize suicide [or murder?] of widows. When the husbands die, the widows are so “grief-stricken”, that they offer themselves to the flames of the funeral pyre. This is mainly practiced in India. Introduction Roop Kanwar.

Magazine Name: Mirat-ul-Akbar (Persian) Establishment Year: 1822 Objectives: Being an activist, he steadily opposed social atrocities like Sati and child marriage through his publications. 6. Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Newspaper Name: Kesari Establishment Year: 1880 *He was.

jewelry on or wear few clothes because of the heat. They now had to be covered from head to toe. Women found themselves barricaded in their homes. Sati the practice of a woman throwing herself on her husband’s funeral pyre became prevalent in response to the only honorable way not to be captured, raped.

Parliament? Ø Worksheets 41 & 42 4. Understanding Laws Ø Worksheets 43 & 44 5. Judiciary Ø Worksheets 45 & 46 6. Understanding Our Criminal Justice System Ø Worksheets 47 & 48 7. Understanding Marginalisation Ø Worksheets 49 & 50 8. Confronting Marginalisation Ø Worksheets 51 & 52 9. Public Facilities.

Ocak-Haziran dönemindeki Vestel tahmini. 50.000 adetlik doğru satış ile kıyaslandığında sadece 8K lık bir yanılma ile %17 lik bir yaklaşma yakalamıştır. ( + yönde ) • Ocak-kasım döneminde ise. 112.000 lik tahmin ile. 100.000 adetlik doğru satış ile kıyaslandığında sadece 12K lık bir yanılma ile %12.

The Muslims practiced polygamy as part of their religion and pushed it on the Hindus. To protect the women, “Purdah” system was introduced. But because of the establishment of this system . in which the women had to cover their body, their freedom was narrowed, which “lead to the further deterioration of.

again undergone a change. Indeed, reformist stalwarts like Raja Ram Mohan Roy formed a coalition power with the British to abolish the social abuse, Sati . Again, Pundit Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar consolidated the way for the remarriage of socially forsaken widows through the Widow Remarriage Act no XV of.

| | |Tried to end slavery, caste system . and improve women’s position. | |Who were the Sepoys? |Indian Soldiers.

Sati (practice) "Ceremony of Burning a Hindu Widow with the Body of her Late Husband", from Pictorial History of China and India, 1851. Satī (Devanagari: सती, the feminine of sat "true"; also called suttee)[4] is a religious funeral practice among some Hindu communities in which a recentlywidowed.

One’s place in society and its influence on personal development of the characters is a central theme in Great Expectations. Dickens exposes the class system . from the wealthy Miss Havisham, through the middle class Mr. Pumblechook to the rural peasants portrayed by Joe and Biddy, right down to the criminal.

to none does he give enough (Martial) fortune makes a fool of one whom she favors too much (Publius Syrus) fortune multis dat nimiun, nulli satis fortuna nimium quem favet stultum facit fortune sequatur fortuna vitrea est: turn cum splendet frangitur let fortune follow fortune is like.

with an exceedingly large head and a corresponding hand.' So Mr Jaggers is first introduced to the readers by Pip, who meets him in chapter 10 at Satis House. With instantly recognizable idiosyncrasies such as the biting of his forefinger and the scent of soap which surrounded him Jaggers is immediately.

dealing with controversy of going against the gr ain in a cookie cutter business world. As a result of Mackey’s yearning to be unique and do what satis fies his inner self and the greater good of people as well as the world, he has been passionate ly, innovative in his concept of a “not your.

established a new school system . The British also outlawed sati . the cremation of a widow on her husband’s funeral pyre. Due to the outlaw of sati . widows were legally permitted to remarry. While these things benefited the Indians, one of the most flagrant costs was the economic system . In rural areas, the.

University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX 79968-0544, U.S.A. e-mail: mmahmood@mail.utep.edu JANICE M. BURN Head of School Management Information Systems . Edith Cowan University, Churchlands Campus, Perth, WA 6018, Australia. e-mail: j.burn@cowan.edu.au LEOPOLDO A. GEMOETS Information and Decision Sciences.

priori languages are characterised by a few shortcomings, such as the near impossibility to be spoken fluently (Sikosek 2006: 19) and their closed system . meaning that upon the finding of new knowledge the whole language would need to be reorganized. Apart from this, most a priori languages use similar.

(including legal philosophers and social theorists of law), hope to obtain a deeper understanding of the nature of law, of legal reasoning, legal systems and of legal institutions. Jurists - An expert in or writer on law. Renunciation - Express or tacit abandonment of a right or position, usually without.

They could no longer tolerate irrational and de-humanizing social practices. Moreover, the backward features of Indian society, such as the caste system had religious sanctions in the past. Therefore, it was necessary to reform religious practices as well. The condition of women was pathetic. The various.

Tekstil Endüstrisi Hakkında Genel Bilgi Tekstil ve giyim endüstrisi endüstrinin çok önemli bir dalıdır. Giyim endüstrisi, tekstil endüstrisinin satış boyutunu temsil etmektedir. Bu endüstri dünyada yaşayan yedi milyar insanın sadece giyim değil ayrıca barınma ihtiyacını karşılamada da önemli bir yere.

customary for the parents of children to have them betrothed before their teen years. Women in India were also confined to a specific caste. The caste system evolved over time with new castes and sub castes, but also with the heightened severity of punishment for women. Attempt to deviate from their caste.

2,000 years (at least). why did it take people who were influenced by western ideas to fight the evils of Hinduism. I have read about the varna system and it disgusts me. no thank you. You brought up another point that in Hinduism dharma changes with times. I believe you meant Darma as in the.

co-founded the Calcutta Unitarian Society, founded the Brahmo Samaj, and campaigned against sati . He sought to integrate Western culture with features of his own country's traditions. He established schools to modernise a system of education in India. During these overlapping periods[when?], Ram Mohan Roy acted.

yet been proved wrong or incorrect. i agree the features like caste system . sati . etc are wrong practices. but the fact is this also that the caste system was evolved during the later stages of krishna and not before that. sati doesn't even have a record in Veda. the biggest flaw in indian culture.

Princess" (253). The working out of this fantasy forms the basic plot of the novel; this provides Dickens the opportunity to gently satirize the class system of his era and to make a point about its capricious nature. Significantly, Pip's life as a gentleman is no more satisfying—and certainly no more.

Havisham's, and what on earth I was expected to play at.’ (Great Expectations, 48) Miss Havisham and her ruined old bridal chambers suggest that Satis House is a place where love has a bad name and little chance of thriving. Many relatives hang around Miss Havisham ‘like flies’ for her wealth. Miss.

in his household he could mold train and shape her for his purposes. An extreme form of control over women in India was a ritual known as sati . In the ritual sati a widow was expected to cremate herself on her husband’s funeral pyre, this was seen as keeping the woman pure. If the woman refused to do.

to have been their wedding day. From that moment forth, Miss Havisham is determined never to move beyond her heartbreak. She stops all the clocks in Satis House at twenty minutes to nine, the moment when she first learned that Compeyson was gone, and she wears only one shoe, because when she learned of.

RESUME Permanent Address: H.NO: C 78, Near Sati Bhavani, Temple, Bhatlem, Panaji – Goa 403001 DOB: 16th July 1984 Objective To work and learn in an innovative, competitive and team.

Philosophy Questions Question 23 Cultural relativism refers to the view that no culture is greater to another culture especially when distinguishing systems of law, politics, and morality. It refers to the philosophical idea that all cultural values and beliefs are important and the truth is relative. Individuals.

that Britain did like outlawing sati . and working to end slavery (Ellis and Elser. World History: Connections to today. Prentice Hall, 2001) weren’t going on in China. India had mixed views about British policies. Most lower class citizens in India did not care that sati . which was mainly practiced by.

against Sati after a heart-rending experience that shook him to the roots. In 1811, on the death of his brother, Jag Mohan, his wife was forced to commit Sati . Ram Mohan was filled with unbearable pity, rage and remorse. He determined to end the abominable practice. Roy raised his voice against Sati and.

in his household he could mold train and shape her for his purposes. An extreme form of control over women in India was a ritual known as sati . In the ritual sati a widow was expected to cremate herself on her husband’s funeral pyre, this was seen as keeping the woman pure. If the woman refused to do.

for a new order. The rebellion led to the dissolution of the East India Company in 1858, and forced the British to reorganize the army, the financial system . and the administration in India. India was thereafter directly governed by the Crown in the new British Raj. Causes of the rebellion The Indian.

matters of marriage and employment. In addition to the above rights, in India, the customs of purdha. female infanticide, child marriage, satisystem . dowry system and the state of permanent widowhood were either totally removed or checked to an appreciable extent after independence through legislative.

destination for higher education means investing your future in a Tier 5 or Excellent University (as rated in the Malaysian Higher Education Rating System (SETARA), Ministry of Education Malaysia). With the strategic goal to become among the best top 500 universities in the world, we have in place.

many different reasons. These include strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system . honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance and for enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system . and helps prevent the "diseases of affluence" such as heart disease, cardiovascular.

intended to have been their wedding day. From then on, Miss Havisham was resolute never to progress beyond her heartbreak. She stopped all the clocks in Satis House, her manor, at twenty minutes to nine, the time when she discovered that Compeyson had fled, and she wore only one shoe to stay in the exact state.

Part 1 – Chapter 8 When we are first introduced to Satis House, we aren’t quite sure what to expect. On Pip’s arrival, the house is described filthily and ancient, which was quite surprising as Miss Havisham had previously been portrayedas a wealthy and well respected woman. Dickens builds us a picture.

SATI ABOLISHED… December 5, 1829. Calcutta, PTI. Yesterday after the debate of 11 years. The sati regulation Act which declared the practice of sati . or suttee, or of burning or burying alive the widows of Hindus, illegal and punishable by the criminal courts by Lord William Bentinck. governor.

Abolition of Sati . 1829 The Practice of Sati was first banned in Goa in 1515 by the Portuguese, but it was not that much prevalent there. This evil practice was banned by the Dutch and French also in Chinsura and Pondicherry respectively. The British permitted it initially but the practice of Sati was first.

custom enforced by the Brahmin priests to eradicate non-Brahmin women, in order to destroy the non-Brahmin races. Other methods used are wife-burning, sati or widow-burning, jauhar, and witch burning. Most of these murders are passed off or regarded as kitchen fires and are never brought to justice. This.

and Dravidian beliefs. Hinduism is characterized by the belief in reincarnation, its polytheistic nature and its social classes known as the caste system . Judaism historical origins begin with Moses and the Hebrews. After the Hebrews left Egypt around 1,200 BCE, they moved into Palestine and broke up.

names include Amba, Ambika, Gauri, Durga, Kali, Rajeshwari, Sati and Tripurasundari. Explore More: The 9 Appellations of Durga The Story of Sati as Parvati Parvati’s tale is told in detail in the Maheshwara Kanda of the Skanda Purana. Sati . the daughter of Daksha Prajapati, the son of Brahma, was.

idol worship and declared that all religions had full faith in one God. From 1805 to 1814 he served an English concern, which managed the Zamindari system on behalf of the District Collectors. Social Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy He also worked as a Social Reformer. He rejected the barriers of caste.

Constitution 4. Causes of violation of women rights in Pakistan A. Cultural and traditional causes • Patriarchal society • Feudal system • Tribal culture • Parallel justice system • Heinous customs a. Swara and vanni b. Marriage with Quran c. Kara-kari B. Social causes • High Illiteracy • High Violence.

however towards the end of the novel she has a sudden change in heart that concludes her Inner Journey. Chapter 49 begins with Pip returning to the Satis house. The mood of this scene is established by introducing the darkness and the imagery of death. Dickens uses the imagery of darkness and light to.

daughter called Sati . As a child, Sati started worshipping Lord Shiva as her would-be-husband. Lord Shiva was pleased with Sati's worship of him and married her. Daksha was against their marriage but could not prevent it. Daksha arranged a yagna to which everyone except Lord Shiva was invited. Sati . feeling.

from ages. Sati Pratha is the bitter truth which shows to what extent our women folk have been exploited. Child marriage and a contemptuous attitude towards the widows are other examples of woman-exploitation. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the first who raised voice against these unhealthy systems prevalent.

They accept it as God want to have it. However, most religious systems are patriarchal in belief and practice, and, as such, could be inhospitable to women. What is religion? According to me, Religion is a set of beliefs. The system of activities and beliefs directed toward that which is perceived.

and loss of land. Others were kidnapped, lured by false promises, and some women chose to leave due to harsh religious practices like wife burning or sati . where a higher caste woman was expected to jump onto the burning pyre of her dead husband. They were required to sign contracts which varied according.

Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956. ii. Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 iii. Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986. iv. Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987. Another danger in India is that, Indian law does not differentiate between major and minor rape. Rape in India has been described.

function was to be performed without their active participation. The women too used to take part in all activities as there was no such system as the purdah system . They were given education as other member of the family. Some of them were renowned scholars like Vishwara, Gosha, Mudgalini, etc. who composed.

widowed at a young age, the women were expected to throw their bodies on their husband’s funeral pyre and burn to death. This custom is known as sati . However, sati did not happen all the time. Sometimes women were given a choice, they were still outcasts but were allowed to live in very unfortunate circumstances.

century India. Among his efforts, the abolition of the sati -prRaja Ram Mohan Roy is considered as the pioneer of modern Indian Renaissance for the remarkable reforms he brought in the 18th century India. Among his efforts, the abolition of the sati -pratha-a practice in which the widow was compelled to.

century India. Among his efforts, the abolition of the sati -pratha-a practice in which the widow was compelled to sacrifice herself on the funeral pyre of her husband-was the prominent. His efforts were also instrumental in eradicating the purdah system and child marriage. In 1828, Ram Mohan Roy formed the.

are (i) Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (ii) Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 (iii) Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986 (iv) Sati Prevention Act, 1987 The Crimes under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) Rape (Sec. 376 IPC) Kidnapping & Abduction for specified purposes (Sec. 363.

custom of sati . Impacted by the utilitarian teachings of James Mill, Bentinck had gained a notoriety as a liberal—even radical—reformer before he touched base in India in 1828, when British approach to sati was a hotly bantered about subject. According to cases that the British sanctioning of sati (if.